List of Mental Illnesses

Mental Illness And Suicide

Mental illness and suicide
There is sometimes a stigma associated with the terms “mental illness” and “mental disorder” that causes some people to equate this fairly common condition with being “crazy.” The truth of the matter is that there are many conditions included under those general terms that would surprise even some of the people who unknowingly suffer from a mental illness.

Although some argue that there is a difference between the terms “mental illness” and “mental disorder,” they are generally used interchangeably. A mental illness can be loosely defined as a condition that disrupts a person’s mood, affects their feelings, disrupts their habitual thinking patterns, and impairs their functioning.

It has been noted that around 90 percent of people who died by suicide had some form of mental illness. The term “mental illness” covers a wide range of fairly common problems including: alcohol abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, depressive disorder (depression), anorexia, and many others. Although the vast majority of people who die by suicide had some type of mental illness, the opposite is not true: the majority of people who suffer from mental illness do not die by suicide. In many situations, a person with a mental illness can recover and be as normal as any other member of society. Even the most serious mental illnesses can be treated, and doing so can dramatically help a person’s assimilation into normal life. The fact is that professional treatment is essential to the recovery process for someone suffering from a serious mental illness.

List of Mental Illnesses


A

Aboulia

Absence Epilepsy

Acute Stress Disorder

Adjustment Disorder

Age-related Cognitive Decline

Agoraphobia

Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol Dependence

Alcohol Withdrawal

Alcoholic Hallucinosis

Alzheimer’s Disease

Amnestic Disorder

Amphetamine Dependence

Amphetamine Withdrawal Psychosis

Anorexia Nervosa

Anterograde Amnesia

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Anxiety Disorder

Anxiolytic-related Disorders

Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Autism

Autophagia

Avoidant Personality Disorder

Atelophobia

Asperger Syndrome



B

Barbiturate Dependence

Benzodiazepine Dependence

Benzodiazepine Misuse

Benzodiazepine Withdrawal

Bereavement

Bibliomania

Binge Eating Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar I Disorder

Bipolar II Disorder

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Borderline Intellectual Functioning

Borderline Personality Disorder

Brief Psychotic Disorder

Bulimia Nervosa



C

Caffeine-related Disorder

Caffeine-induced Sleep Disorder

Cannabis Dependence

Claustrophobia

Catatonic Disorder

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Childhood Amnesia

Childhood Antisocial Behavior

Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder

Cocaine Dependence

Cocaine Intoxication

Cognitive Disorder

Communication Disorder

Conduct Disorder

Cotard Delusion

Cyclothymia



D

Delirium Tremens

Depersonalization Disorder

Depressive Disorder

Derealization Disorder

Dermatillomania

Desynchronosis

Developmental Coordination Disorder

Down Syndrome

Diogenes Syndrome

Dispareunia

Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)

Dyslexia

Dysthymia



E

Ednos

Ekbom’s Syndrome (Delusional Parasitosis)

Encopresis

Enuresis

Erotomania

Exhibitionism



F

Factitious Disorder

Fregoli Delusion

Frotteurism

Fugue State



G

Ganser Syndrome

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

General Adaptation Syndrome

Grandiose Delusions



H

Hallucinogen-related Disorder

Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder

Histrionic Personality Disorder

Huntington’s Disease

Hypomanic Episode

Hypochondriasis



K

Kleptomania

Korsakoff’s Syndrome



L

Lacunar Amnesia



M

Major Depressive Disorder

Major Depressive Episode

Maladaptive Daydreaming

Male Erectile Disorder

Malingering

Manic Episode

Mathematics Disorder

Mean World Syndrome

Medication-related Disorder

Melancholia

Minor Depressive Disorder

Minor Depressive Episode

Misophonia

Mixed Episode

Mood Disorder

Mood Episode

Morbid Jealousy

Munchausen’s Syndrome

Munchausen’s Syndrome by Proxy



N

Narcolepsy

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Neglect of Child

Neuroleptic-related Disorder

Nicotine Withdrawal

Night Eating Syndrome

Nightmare Disorder

Neurocysticercosis



O

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)

Oneirophrenia

Opioid Dependence

Opioid-related Disorder

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

Orthorexia (on)



P

Pain Disorder

Panic Disorder

Paranoid Personality Disorder

Parasomnia

Parkinson’s Disease

Partner Relational Problem

Pathological Gambling

Perfectionism

Persecutory Delusion

Personality Change Due to a Medical Condition

Personality Disorder

Phencyclidine

Phobic Disorder

Phonological Disorder

Physical Abuse

Pica

Polysubstance Dependence

Post-traumatic Embitterment Disorder (PTED)

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Pragmatic Language Disorder

Premature Ejaculation

Primary Hypersomnia

Primary Insomnia

Psychogenic Amnesia

Psychotic Disorder

Pyromania



R

Reactive Attachment Disorder

Reading Disorder

Recurrent Brief Depression

Relational Disorder

Residual Schizophrenia

Retrograde Amnesia

Rumination Syndrome



S

Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizophrenia

Schizophreniform Disorder

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Use Disorder

Selective Mutism

Separation Anxiety Disorder

Severe Mental Retardation

Shared Psychotic Disorder

Sleep Disorder

Sleep Paralysis

Sleep Terror Disorder

Sleepwalking Disorder

Small Penis Syndrome

Social Anxiety Disorder

Social Phobia

Somatization Disorder

Somatoform Disorder

Specific Phobia

Stendhal Syndrome

Stereotypic Movement Disorder

Stockholm Syndrome

Stuttering

Substance-related Disorder



T

Tardive Dyskinesia

Tourette Syndrome

Transient Tic Disorder

Transient Global Amnesia

Trichotillomania



W

White Coat Hypertension

NB: This list may not contain every mental disorder

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Among the most common mental illnesses that can potentially increase the risk of suicide are:

► Major Depression
► Schizophrenia
► Substance Use Disorders
► Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression)

Although these are some of the more common, there are many other mental illnesses that might increase the risk of suicide. It is important to know however, that proper diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses can significantly increase a person’s quality of life and drastically help with reducing the suicide risk.

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